The Natural Science Collections Facility is a network of South African institutions holding natural science collections, established as part of the Department of Science & Technology’s Research Infrastructure Roadmap and co-ordinated by the South African National Biodiversity Institute (SANBI). Participating institutions are committed to collaborating to achieve the following objectives:
Collections secured and accessible physically and virtually for research
Data from specimens in collections accessible and used for managing collections, research and decision-making
Research on collections and associated data addresses issues of national and global relevance
Collections and associated research provide services to identify natural science specimens for a range of stakeholders including in the agriculture, health, environmental management and academic sectors
Collections used for serving broader society through education, citizen science and public understanding projects with emphasis on inspiring young scientists and promoting South Africa’s unique biodiversity assets.
The NSCF has awarded bursaries to four MSc students for their projects in taxonomy.read more
The NSCF was formally launched in the evening of the 17 October 2017 at Alpine Heath in the Drakensberg.read more
The NSCF hosted it’s first Forum from 17-20 October 2017 at Alpine Heath in the KwaZulu-Natal Drakensberg.read more
New species described from South African collections
The first African Devonian tetrapods were discovered by Dr Robert Gess of the Albany Museum and described in June 2018 in Science by him and Per Ahlberg of Uppsala University in Sweden.
The two new species, named Tutusius and Umzantsia, are Africa’s earliest known four-legged vertebrates by a remarkable 70 million years.
A new study published in the Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society has increased the diversity of southern African horseshoe bats by three species. One (named Rhinolophus gorongosae) appears to occur only in Gorongosa National Park in Mozambique and possibly also on nearby Mount Mecula, and is genetically distinct from neighbouring horseshoe bat populations.read more
Werner Conradie and colleagues recently described four new species of frogs from the genus Nothophryne. Previously only found in southern Malawi, it was recently found that at least four new species occur from four different inselbergs in northern Mozambique. Read...read more
Eggs with embryos belonging to the southern African dinosaur Massospondylus were discovered in 1978.read more
The oldest preserved plant specimen in the National Herbarium, Pretoria, is Erica mammosa.read more
The coelacanth was known from fossils dating from about 360 years ago.read more
Use of Collections
Shale Gas Exploration SEA
Biodiversity Chapter of the Shale Gas Exploration Strategic Environmental Assessment. Data from plant and animal collections were used to identify which species occur in the area targeted for shale gas exploration, and to provide the localities from which they have been recorded.
Barcode of Wildlife Project
South Africa participated in an international project that aimed to enable the use of DNA barcoding in investigation and enforcement activities for illegal harvesting and trafficking of threatened and protected plants and animals.
Red List Assessments
South Africa is one of the leading megadiverse countries in terms of carrying out threat assessments for its species.
The NSCF aims to increase the accessibility and use of natural science collections for research and also to secure collections.
One mechanism of achieving both these objectives is to establish a “virtual museum” which will take the form of detailed images of important specimens such as types, and to also provide digital access to documents such as historical field notes, old catalogue books and accession registers and other documents related to the collections. Over the next two years we will initiate a project to digitise specimens and important documents and to make these available on line. We also aim to show some of the collection store rooms online to provide a sense of the scope and scale of these for the public who rarely have the chance to see these hidden treasures.